Download An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, by Geoffrey Hughes PDF

By Geoffrey Hughes

this is often the one encyclopedia and social heritage of swearing and foul language within the English-speaking international. It covers a number of the social dynamics that generate swearing, foul language, and insults within the complete variety of the English language. whereas the emphasis is on American and British English, the various significant worldwide types, corresponding to Australian, Canadian, South African, and Caribbean English also are coated. A-Z entries conceal the complete diversity of swearing and foul language in English, together with interesting info at the background and origins of every time period and the social context during which it came across expression. different types contain blasphemy, obscenity, profanity, the categorization of girls and races, and modal forms, comparable to the ritual insults of Renaissance "flyting" and glossy "sounding" or "playing the dozens." Entries conceal the old measurement of the language, from Anglo-Saxon heroic oaths and the spectacular energy of medieval profanity, to the stern censorship of the Renaissance and the colourful, smooth language of the streets. Social elements, similar to stereotyping, xenophobia, and the dynamics of ethnic slurs, in addition to age and gender variations in swearing also are addressed, in addition to the foremost taboo phrases and the advanced and altering nature of spiritual, sexual, and racial taboos.

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